Tuesday, December 29, 2009

Hidden Animal Ingredients

[Note: If you eat only raw food, you do not have to worry about the potential poisons or animal
products hidden in processed, packaged foods. You also can buy unpackaged items, thereby reducing
world obsession with packaging]

Hidden Animal Ingredients


Ingredient What It Is Its Use

Albumin The protein component of egg whites. Albumin
is also found in animal blood, milk, plants, and
seeds. To thicken or add texture to processed foods.

Anchovies Small, silvery fish of herring family.
Worcestershire sauce, Caesar salad dressing, pizza
topping, Greek salads.

Animal shortening Butter, suet, lard (see lard below).
Packaged cookies and crackers, refried beans, flour
tortillas, ready-made pie crusts.

Carmine (carmine, cochineal, or carminic acid) Red
coloring made from a ground-up insect. Bottled juices,
colored pasta, some candies, frozen pops, "natural"

Calcium stearate Mineral typically derived from cows
or hogs Garlic salt, vanilla, meat tenderizers,
salad-dressing mixes.

Capric acid (decanoic acid) Animal fats added to ice
cream, candy, baked goods, chewing gum, liquor and
often not specified on ingredients lists.

Casein (caseinate) A milk protein. It coagulates with
the addition of rennin (see rennin below) and is the
foundation of cheese. An additive in dairy products
such as cheese, cream cheese, cottage cheese, and sour
cream. Also used in adhesives, paints, and plastics.

Clarifying agent Derived from any number of animal
sources. Used to filter wine, vinegar, beer, fruit
juice, soft drinks.

Gelatin Protein from bones, cartilage, tendons, and
skin of animals, Much of the commercial gelatin is a
by-product of pig skin. Marshmallows, yogurt, frosted
cereals, gelatin-containing desserts, molded salads.

Glucose (dextrose) Fruits or animal tissues and
fluids. Baked goods, soft drinks, candies, frosting.

Glycerides (mono-, di-, and triglycerides Glycerol
from animal fats or plants. Processed foods,
cosmetics, perfumes, lotions, inks, glues, automobile
antifreeze. Used as emulsifier.

Isinglass Gelatin from air bladder of sturgeon and
other freshwater fish. Clarify alcoholic beverages and
in some jellied desserts. Rarely used now.

Lactic acid Acid formed by bacteria acting on the milk
sugar lactose. Imparts a tart flavor. Cheese, yogurt,
pickles, olives, sauerkraut, candy, frozen desserts,
chewing gum, fruit preserves, dyeing and textile

Lactose (saccharum lactin, D-lactose Milk sugar.
Culture medium for souring milk and in processed foods
such as baby formulas, candies and other sweets,
medicinal diuretics, and laxatives.

Lactylic stearate Salt of stearic acid (see stearic
acid below). Dough conditioner.

Lanolin Waxy fat from sheep's wool. Chewing gum,
ointments, cosmetics, waterproof coatings.

Lard Rendered and clarified pork fat. Often fat from
abdomens of pigs or the fat around the animal's
kidneys. Baked goods.

Lecithin Phospholipids form animal tissues, plants,
lentils, and egg yolks used to preserve, emulsify, and
moisturize food. Cereal, candy, chocolate, baked
goods, margarine, vegetable oil sprays, cosmetics, and

Lutein Deep yellow coloring from marigolds or egg
yolks. Commercial food coloring.

Myristic acid (tetradecanoic acid) Animal fats.
Chocolate, ice cream, candy, jelled desserts, baked

Natural flavorings Unspecified, could be from meat or
other animal products Processed and packaged foods.

Oleic acid (oleinic acid) Animal tallow (see tallow
below) Synthetic butter, cheese, vegetable fats and
oils, spice flavoring for baked goods, candy, ice
cream, beverages, condiments, soaps, cosmetics.

Palmatic acid Animal or vegetable fats. Baked goods,
butter and cheese flavoring.

Pancreatin (pancreatic extract) Cows or hogs Digestive

Pepsin Enzyme from pigs' stomachs With rennet to make

Propolis Resinous cement collected by bees Food
supplement and ingredient in "natural" toothpaste.

Rennin (Rennet) A coagulating enzyme obtained from a
young animal's stomach, usually a calf's stomach
Rennin is used to curdle milk in foods such as cheese
and junket--a soft pudding like dessert.

Royal jelly Substance produced by glands of bees.
"Natural foods" and nutrient supplements.

Sodium stearoyl lactylate May be derived from cows,
hogs, animal milk, or vegetable-mineral sources. Used
in cake, pudding, or pancake mixes, baked goods,

Stearic acid (octadecenoic acid) Tallow, other animal
fats and oils Vanilla flavoring, chewing gum, baked
goods, beverages, candy, soaps, ointments, candles,
cosmetics, suppositories and pill coatings.

Suet Hard white fat around kidneys and loins of
animals Margarine, mincemeat, pastries, bird feed,

Tallow Solid fat of sheep and cattle separated from
the membranous tissues Waxed paper, margarine, soaps,
crayons, candles, rubber, cosmetics.

Vitamin A (A1, retinol) Vitamin obtained from
vegetables, egg yolks, or fish liver oil. Vitamin
supplements, fortification of foods, "natural"

Vitamin B12 Vitamin produced by microorganisms and
found in all animal products; synthetic form
(cyanocobalamin or cobalamin on labels) is vegan
Supplements or fortified foods.

Vitamin D (D1, D2, D3) D1 is produced by humans upon
exposure to sunlight; D2 (ergocalciferol) is made from
plants or yeast, D3 (cholecalciferol comes from fish
liver oils or lanolin Supplements or fortified foods.

Whey Watery liquid that separates from the solids
(curds) of milks in cheese-making. Crackers, breads,
cakes, processed foods in cheese-making.

Source: The Complete Idiot's Guide to Being Vegetarian
by Suzanne Havala, M.S., R.D., F.A.D.A., Food Lover's
Companion by Sharon Tyler Herbst, The Vegan Sourcebook
by Joanne Stepaniak, M.S.Ed.

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